Health Expenditure, Democracy and Child Mortality in Developing Countries

The main objective of this study is to assess the impact of health expenditure on child mortality in the developing countries with due condeseration  for democracy. To achieve this, we use the two-stage dynamic panel generalized method of moments. Our sample covers 126 countries over the period 1995-2017. Our main results show that sub Saharan Africa is the only sub-region where health expenditure is  and  associated with child mortality. However, when we take into account the ranking of countries by income level, we  that health expenditure has a  and  on child mortality only in the least developed, low income, and lower-middle-income countries. On the other hand, it is in the countries of Eurasia, North Africa, and  America that a in the child mortality rate takes place in the presence of  to this must be added the upper-middle-income countries. For example, respect for civil control of government by a  elected parliament, combined with spending on health care, contribute to a  decrease in child mortality. The results of this study are an important issue for policymakers, providing them with a kind of  and empirical argument  health expenditure as a major determinant in public health policy. Thus, in their  against child mortality, it is in the interest of governments in developing countries to improve not only the quality of their health spending but also, and above all, their  framework, especially  governance.


MONGBET Zounkifirou*, NKOA Francois

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